History of Super Hot Peppers

You will find apples in many of the homes in North America, as common as
apples are to the US there isnt a home in this Trinidad or Tobago without pepper sauce.  The locals in this country believe that food prepared without pepper is bland, boring, tasteless and useless.

Peppers are native to Central and South America and were found in present-day Bolivia some 10,000 years ago. When Columbus sailed into the Caribbean waters, he discovered peppers amongst the islands and that the natives had been enjoying peppers for many centuries.

He mistook the hot pepper to be a cousin of the black pepper, which is why it is
referred today as pepper.  A few decades after Columbus, Spanish and
Portuguese trading vessels took hot peppers to Africa, the Middle East, to Persia and India, Southeast Asia and China.

In later years, European colonists introduced peppers into North America, thus
completing the pepper pods circumnavigation of the globe.

The history and stories about the super hot peppers date back as far as 500 B.C.

Super Hot Peppers of The Trinidad Region

Trinidad and Tobago, well within the tropics, both enjoy a generally pleasant maritime tropical climate influenced by the northeast trade winds. In Trinidad the annual mean temperature is 78.8F, and the average maximum temperature is 91.4F.

The humidity is high, particularly during the rainy season, when it averages 85 to 87 percent. The island receives an average of 83.07 inches of rainfall per year, usually concentrated in the months of June through December, when brief, intense showers frequently occur. Precipitation is highest in the Northern Range, which may receive as much as 151 inches.

During the dry season, drought plagues the island’s central interior. Tobago’s climate is similar to Trinidad’s but slightly cooler. Its rainy season extends from June to December; the annual rainfall is 98.42 inches. The islands lie outside the hurricane belt; despite this, Hurricane Flora damaged Tobago in 1963, and Tropical Storm Alma hit Trinidad in 1974, causing damage before obtaining full strength.

Super Hot Peppers of Assam India Region

Average temperatures in Assam are 91.1 degrees F in August to lows in the mid-40s F (about 7 C) in January.  The cool season generally lasts from October to February and is marked by fogs and brief showers.  Annual rainfall in Assam is not only the highest in the  country but also ranks among the highest in the world; its annual average varies from about 70 inches in the west to more than 120 inches in the east.

The Bhut Jolokia Ghost Pepper

The Bhut Jolokia Ghost pepper was only introduced to the western world in 2000. In that same year, a report was published stating it’s level of heat as almost double that of a Red Savina Habanero which was believed to be the world’s hottest pepper. In 2007 The Ghost Pepper was certified as the hottest Chili Pepper on the planet in The Guinness Book of World Records. Since then, the Infinity chili, Naga Viper pepper, Trinidad Scorpion Butch T pepper and Trinidad Moruga Scorpion have surpassed the Bhut Jolokia’s Scoville rating.

The Bhut Jolokia is an inter specific hybrid cultivated in the Nagaland and Assam region of Assam, Nagaland and Manipur. It can also be found in rural Sri Lanka where it is known as cobra chili. There was initially some confusion and disagreement about whether the Bhut was a Capsicum frutescens or a  Capsicum chinense pepper, but DNA tests showed it to be an interspecies hybrid, mostly C. chinense With some C. frutescens genes.